Before conducting an international data transfer, organisations need to check the GDPR very carefully. International data transfers should not only be compliant with Chapter 5 but also with all other requirements of the GDPR (following from Article 44 GDPR). Also, in order to transfer personal data outside the EU, organisations need to follow the layered approach of the European Data Protection Board.
The European Economic Area (EEA) is the combination of European Union (EU) and European Free Trade Association (EFTA) states, except for Switzerland. The EEA has now incorporated the GDPR into the EEA agreement. This was done by an EEA Joint Committee Decision dated 6th July 2018, which came into force on 20th July, 2018.
International data transfers are unavoidable for most of the businesses and organisations in today’s digital world. The GDPR takes a balanced approach between the necessity of cross-border data flows for the purposes of international trade and the level of protection provided to natural persons. Although the Regulation allows the free flow of personal data between Member States, it restricts data transfers to countries